Planet News Son Tat Sen, great nationalist leader (inset above) who relied on the broad mass of the people, died in 1925. Founder of the Koumintang, organisation for the ., liberation of China, Ins three principles were Nationalism, Democracy, and Social Justice. For 40 years he ’ struggled. First against the'monarchist rule of the Manchus, then against corrupt reactionary militarists and the forces of Japanese Imperialism. His will reads: “For forty years I have devoted myself to the cause of the people's revolution with but one end in view, the elevation of China to a position of freedom and equality among the nations. My experiences during these forty years have firmly convinced me that to attain this goal we must bring about a thorough awakening of our own people and ally ourselves in a common struggle with those peoples of the world who treat us on the basis of equality. •"The work of the Revolution is not yet done. Let all our comrades follow my 'Plans for National Reconstruction,' 'Fundamentals of National Reconstruction,' ‘Three Principles of the People,’ and the 'Manifesto issued by the First National Convention of our Party,' and strive on earnestly for their consummation. Above all, our recent declarations in favour of the convocation of a National Convention . and the abolition of unequal treaties should be carried into effect within the nearest • future. This is my heartfelt charge tayou.'' Yat Sen's tomb on the slope of -Purple Mountain outside Nanking. A monument revered by all China. An old Cantonese tea-seller. She and her chief customers, the rickshaw-pullers, were common sights in the great Chinese cities. Planet News The White Radish Market of Canton, where business was carried on on somewhat primitive lines. Sampans from up-river come to the market and while the men haggle for hours women and girls do the work of unloading. (Above, right) Worker’s Dormitory—a well ventilated modern building with running water laid on. This would have been undreamt of a few years ago. To-day, it is significant in the improvement in Chinese living conditions.
Planet News March of. Time Launching one of the most unprovoked and brutal attacks of all time, Japanese Imperialism is to-day bringing devastation and death to the peaceful Chinese people. With unheard of ferocity, hundreds of defenceless towns have been bombed from the air and thousands of innocent women and children slaughtered in cold blood. -Hundreds of thousands have had their homes destroyed. The world stands shocked and horrified at this spectacle of mass murder. A wave of indignation is sweeping through Britain demanding a halt to the senseless killing'by a world-wide boycott of Japan. (Right) When Chinese Babies do Cry. The popular fable that "Chinese babies don’t cry" can be effectively answered by the Chinese doctors and French nuns who are toiling night and day at the French hospital in Shanghai to give medical attention to the thousands of wounded non-combatants. This little girl has brought her baby sister whose back has been hombly tom by shrapnel. Hundreds of very young babies are among the victims of the wanton slaughter. WAR HORROR
mmtmtttm ■ iMiiiaft WHILE CHINA SEEKS TO CHANGE ITS LIFE overcoming old prejudices and habits the JAPANESE MARAUDERS lay waste whole provinces with untold barbarity. But this time they are meeting with determined resistance. The whole country has risen as one man to beat back the invaders. The remarkable courage shown by the Chinese soldiers in the defence of Shanghai has won the admiration of all decent minded people in the world. The spectacle of British soldiers giving their own hot dinners to the men of the “ Doomed Battalion ” is a sign of the enormous sympathy the British people have for China in her bitter struggle. The valour of the rfien of the “Doomed Battalion” now happily safe m the International Settlement of Shanghai, caused Major General Telfer Smollett, commanding the British troops in Shanghai, to say '' I have never seen anything greater. ’' Planet News" (Right) Japanese Military Barracks built in the^heart of . Shanghai in flagrant violation of Chinese sovereignty. “Voluntary” Labour. A peasant in the province of Chahar occupied by Japanese forces, goes to worl^Unaer 'the gun of the sentry. He is forced to carry a'Japanese flag to show his- ‘loyalty to his conquerors* POPULATION DOPED Menace to World The idea of one nation setting out systematically to demoralise another by means of drugs -as part of its plan of ponquest, is fantastically horrible. Yet this ¡¿'"'exactly what Japan has been! doing over a period of years to the ^Chinese populations who have been forced to accept Japanese domination. And not only that, there is evidence that the Japanese Government is deliberately planning to foster the increase of the drug traffic throughout the world. The facts are well known to the League of Nations' Opium Advisory Committee. Reports from delegates including Russell Pasha, .and . representatives of the U.S.A. show that Manchukuo and the adjoining regions of North China have become the world's chief source of illicit "white” drugs, accounting for 90 per cent, of tiie total production. And this is being carried on with the direct support and protection of the Japanese Government. hi the cities of Harbin and Tientsin, with a Upper reaches of the Yangtse. Photo shows the fertile valleys of central China, where enormous quantities of rice and tea are grown. Tens of millions live along the banks of this great waterway, which runs through the whole breadth of the country. This scene is peaceful, but in the north and on the coast Japanese armies are bringing desolation to the countryside and death to the peasants. combined population of over a million, there are more than a hundred licensed opium dens and about a thousand heroin dens where anyone who wishes to be doped can knock on a shutter, pay cash, and thrust in his arm for an immédiate injection with an unsterilised syringe. Nearly a quarter of the population are addicts. In North China, Tientsin has become the -centre of a vast distributive trade Jh-druoa»-^ conducted under Japanese official protection. In one street in the; Japanese concession there are more than fiftjwwholesale supply shops where unadtilteratJ||iheroin can be bought at a tenth of the price it fetches in Egypt. In China itself, theTeport states, the notorious inadequacy of the penalties applied by Japan to the Japanese nationals in China have para- . lysed tiie efforts of the Chinese government in suppressing the illicit traffic. The Leaguè of Nations’ Committee Resolution concludes ; ' 'Considering the serious situation existing in the Far East. . . that such a situation constitutes a danger, not only to China, but also to the whole world.” The aims of this criminal policy of drug-fostering are twofold. While protecting its own population by severe prohibition of the traffic, . the Japanese Government is using drugs both - as a weapon in its attempted conquest of China, ! and as a valuable source of revenue. But large-scale production of drugs requires an .expan-, ding market and there is plenty of evidence that . the ambitious Japanese manufacturers are--5,-already looking for new markets, both, in the . West and in the U.S.A. issPL-t ;
Planet News Planet News Planet News jve) The Engineering Corps sends its units the danger zone under protection of heavy machine-guns and their own poised rifles. (Above) Machine-gunners of Suiyuan patrol the skies of this stormy province waiting for visiting. Japanese bombers. This soldier is one of the many trained to use anti-aircraft guns. (Above) Telegraphic messages from Shanghai headquarters are received on outlying' fronts by trained operators. The modernisation of the army increases at an astonishing rate. ✓ - (Below) An area no wider than a city street divides the armies fighting around Shanghai. Photo shows a Chinese machine-gun post. (Below) Made famous by their successful stand against vastly superior forces in 1932, China’s 19th Route Army once more takes the field with tremendously modernised equipment. Photo shows a searchlight battery. (Below) The 8th Route Army. Formerly the Chinese "Red Army,” now part of the regular Nanking forces putting up a stiff resistance to the Japanese in Northern Shansi.
Planet News (Left) Aerial Survey. Searching the skies for enemy planes on a lull on the northern front. This observation squad has all the latest equipment for spotting planes and reporting necessary information to tiie anti-aircraft batteries nearby. The bundles of branches which they wear on their shoulders makes them practically invisible from the skies. (Above) Volunteers take the oath, to tight to the death against the Japanese invasion. Picture shows a section of the patriotic volunteer Corps- of Shanghai. These troops have excellent equipment and are splendidly drilled. (Below) Chinese Air Force in formation, spelling out Generalissimo Chiànq Kai Shek's name.. Picture taken at redent Air review. (Below) Squadron of Chinese planes ready to take off from Nanking Aerodrome. (Left) Mao Tse Tung, president of the Special Governmental Area in the North-West, now a member of the National Advisory Council, and Chu Teh, Commander -in -Chief of the 8th Route Armyr (Right) Generalissimo and Premier Chiang Kai Shek. Chiga is now solidly united for defence against Japanese' aggression. All political differences have been dropped and all classes mobilised for the conduct of the war. This remarkable political consolidation is a sure guarantee of ultimate victory. Photo taken at a recent army review. | ^ y? ■ 1 r mSki fl 1 * 1 r HL».--' .«¿1 L i