To Love-Ru (To LOVEる -とらぶる- To LOVEru -Toraburu-) is a Japanese manga series written by Saki Hasemi and illustrated by Kentaro Yabuki, creator of Black Cat. The manga was serialized in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine between April 24, 2006 and August 31, 2009, and the chapters collected into 18 tankōbon volumes. A drama CD was released in February 2008 with an original story. A 26-episode anime series adaptation by Xebec aired in Japan between April and September 2008. Six original video animation episodes were produced by Xebec between April 2009 and April 2010. A 12-episode second season by Xebec titled Motto To-Love Ru aired between October and December 2010. A video game was released on the Nintendo DS in August 2008, and another game for the PlayStation Portable was released in October 2008, with a PlayStation Vita game announced in Japan for May 2014.
A continuation of the manga called To Love-Ru Darkness (To LOVEる -とらぶる- ダークネス To LOVEru -Toraburu- -Dākunesu-) began serialization in Shueisha's Jump Square magazine on October 4, 2010. Xebec produced four OVA episodes of To-Love Ru Darkness and later an anime TV series adaptation that aired between October and December 2012. The manga series' title, とらぶる (Toraburu), is the English gairaigo (loan word) "trouble" and "rabu" (ラブ) is the English loan word "love". The title is a pun on the words "love trouble", which describes the harem aspect of the series.